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Adlai Stevenson

Adlai Stevenson was an American statesman and unsuccessful Democratic candidate for President in 1952 and 1956. He served as U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations (1960-65), Governor of Illinois (1948-52), Special Assistant to Secretary of Navy Frank Knox (1941-44), and also engaged in the practice of law (1927-41).

Selected writing credits:
Stevenson was the author of Call to Greatness (1954), What I Think (1956), The New America (1957), Friends and Enemies: What I Learned in Russia (1959), Putting First Things First: A Democratic View (1960) and Looking Outward: Years of Crisis at the United Nations (1963). His words can also be found in the 1965 book The Wit and Wisdom of Adlai Stevenson, compiled by Edward Hanna, Henry Hicks, and Ted Koppel.

Adlai Stevenson
Adlai Stevenson
Biographical fast facts

Full or original name at birth: Adlai Ewing Stevenson II

Date, time and place of birth: February 5, 1900, at 11:55 a.m., at 2639 Monmouth Avenue, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.

Date, time, place and cause of death: July 14, 1965, at 5:30 p.m., St. George's Hospital, London, England (Heart failure)

Marriage
Wife: Ellen Borden (m. December 1, 1928 - December 12, 1949) (divorced)*
Wedding took place at 4:30 p.m. at the Fourth Presbyterian Church on Upper Michigan Avenue, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.

Children
Sons: Adlai Ewing Stevenson III (b. October 10, 1930, Chicago, Illinois)
Borden Stevenson (b. July 1932)
John Fell Stevenson (b. February 1936)

Parents
Father: Lewis Green Stevenson (a newspaper executive, and Illinois secretary of state) (b. August 15, 1868, Chenoa, McLean County, Illinois - d. April 5, 1929, McLean County, Illinois**)
Mother: Helen Louise (Davis) Stevenson (b. September 17, 1868 - d. November 16, 1935, Milwaukee Sanitarium, Wauwatosa, Wisconsin)

Burial site: Evergreen Cemetery, Bloomington, Illinois, U.S.A.

Error corrections or clarifications

* Note that the date of divorce a number of sources report for the Stevenson's is actually the date the divorce papers were filed, not the date the divorce was final.

Visit our divorce dates in biographical profiles for more information on divorce dates offered here at Internet Accuracy Project.

** Adlai's father died in McLean County, Illinois, not "McClean" County, as a couple of sources erroneously report. Also note that a couple of sources mistakenly report his mother died in Illinois. As noted above, Helen Stevenson died in Wisconsin.

Career

Adlai Stevenson was unquestionably one of the most famous unsuccessful presidential candidates in American history. Though he twice failed in his quest for the White House, he inspired a generation. One of Stevenson's chief assets was his ability to deliver spirited speeches with wit and eloquence. It was that very eloquence that led many to believe the articulate, cultivated and urbane governor wrote all of his own speeches. In actuality, he had a large group of speechwriters which included notables such as Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. and John Kenneth Galbraith.

Governor Stevenson's worldwide popularity was untarnished by his two presidential defeats (losing both times to his Republican opponent, Dwight D. Eisenhower). He influenced the world view of the United States even before he became U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations. While at the U.N. he demonstrated his seasoned statesmanship on a number of occasions, but none more memorable than during the Cuban Missile Crisis. In October of 1962, after the U.S. discovered offensive Soviet nuclear weapons in Cuba, Stevenson confronted Soviet Ambassador Valerian Zorin in an emergency session of the U.N. Security Council. During Stevenson's presentation he challenged his Soviet counterpart to admit that his country was installing missiles in Cuba, which he punctuated with the famous demand, "Don't wait for the translation!" in demanding an immediate reply. In another memorable comment, Stevenson said that he was prepared to wait "until Hell freezes over" for Zorin's answer. In a diplomatic coup, Stevenson presented to a stunned U.N. audience, aerial reconnaissance photographs that proved the existence of Soviet missiles in Cuba.

Before launching his career in law and politics, Governor Stevenson worked in various positions at the Daily Pantagraph, a Bloomington, Illinois newspaper owned by his family and founded by his great-grandfather. Adlai was the grandson and namesake of Vice President of the United States Adlai E. Stevenson, who served from 1893 to 1897, under President Grover Cleveland.

Sources

The most in-depth of more than four dozen sources consulted in preparing this profile:
Adlai Stevenson: His Life and Legacy, by Porter McKeever (1989)
The Papers of Adlai E. Stevenson, Volume I: Beginnings of Education, 1900-1941
The Papers of Adlai E. Stevenson, Volume II: Washington to Springfield, 1941-1948
The Papers of Adlai E. Stevenson, Volume III: Governor of Illinois, 1949-1953
The Papers of Adlai E. Stevenson, Volume IV: "Let's Talk Sense to the American People", 1952-1955
The Papers of Adlai E. Stevenson, Volume V: Visit to Asia, the Middle East, and Europe, March-August 1953
The Papers of Adlai E. Stevenson, Volume VI: Toward A New America, 1955-1957


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